Date：2013-09-02 Source： Author：
Yongjia County, Zhejiang Nanxijiang located southeast coast, is the largest tributary of the Ou River downstream drainage area 1959.7 square kilometers, 139.8 kilometers long mainstream, the annual runoff to reach 4.3 billion cubic meters, is Yongjia people's "mother river." Since 1988 Nanxijiang was named the national 4A level scenic spots since the county-depth implementation of the "eco-tourism area Nanxi big" strategy, in order to protect water quality Nanxijiang for the first goal, to create "clear water, blue sky, green "Three environmental projects, out of a planning in advance, source control, comprehensive management, the people involved in the water environment protection and development of new ways to achieve remarkable results. For decades, the cumulative investment in the comprehensive management of water environment Nanxijiang funds more than 120 million yuan to build the county waste incineration plants and three large urban sewage treatment plant, complete municipal sewage pipe network and 170 kilometers of rural life centralized sewage treatment point 350, 18 Towns achieve standardization in key watersheds landfill or transfer station coverage. Maintain water quality in the upper reaches of Nanxi perennial national class Ⅰ, Ⅱ class standards above, known as "the first water", as Ou River north to protect water sources, and the benefit of Yueqing, Dongtou, Yuhuan and other surrounding counties for drinking Area south of Zhejiang population of 200 million (after the south bank of the reservoir upstream controlling key projects completed), so Nanxi coastal people benefit more than 200 million yuan a year. Its main practices:
First, dual-control plans and policies, adhere to highlight the leading role in the industry. First, strict planning control clearance. Back in 1988, the county will put on ecological protection agenda Nanxijiang watershed planning, preparation of the introduction of "Nanxijiang Environmental Protection Plan" in the upper reaches of major decisions Nanxijiang no industrial development. Since 2010, unveiled "Yongjia County of urban and rural integrated water resources planning", "Nanxi River Basin Environmental Protection Plan (2010-2020)", "Ecological Protection Program Nanxi scenic tourist area" and implement the most stringent water sources ecological Regulation and front protection. Second, strict industrial layout off. In the county designated strictly prohibited, restricted development, optimizing access to three industrial access blocks, Nanxijiang the upstream (north of the town of Sha Tau area) not landing any form involving work projects, focusing on the development of leisure, health health, agriculture and other modern industrial ecology, Nanxi downstream priority ecological affinity industrial and modern service industry, at present, the county has a "golden industrial belt along the Yangtze River (along the Ou River), brook green tourism zone (along the Nan River River), specialty agriculture hillside with "three characteristics of regional industrial belt. Third, strict project approval. The introduction of "Nanxi River Basin Water Pollution Control Measures (Interim)", to the county five major river river discharge of pollutants shall not be approving the project, the site does not match the environmental capacity upfront licensing programs negative verdict on the potential environmental risks of construction projects held a "water Paul "strict proof will be assessed. January to July, the county rejected 20 billion yuan of investment projects, "Guantingbingzhuan" electroplating, paper, leather industry, high consumption and low corporate 69, nearly two years the county launched 280 new environmental projects none of causing environmental contradictions and letters of complaints.
Second, the crucial and long-term combination treatment care to achieve both insist on pollution control. One is to carry out comprehensive water environment. Carry out the "three sides" of riparian management and "river Shuangqing" double hundred crucial action, the total investment capital of 70 million to complete renovation of the river three 95 km, a total of 78,000 tons of waste rubbish, green area of 98,000 square meters; conduct comprehensive inspections of illegal discharge of pollutants increase the crackdown, strengthen livestock farming, construction, commerce and service industries involving river pollution remediation, from January to July this year, the county law enforcement officers were dispatched more than 1,800 people, river flats investigation involving wastewater straight from the Top 112, the enterprise shall order rectification 38, Thanh Hoa remediation Nanxi River downstream tributary 103 black smelly garbage. The second is to strengthen the protection of water infrastructure. Invest 502 million yuan for sewage pipe and sewage treatment plant construction Nanxi River Basin, at present, the county waste incineration plant daily processing capacity of 700 tons of garbage, Oubei, bridge, pond three urban sewage treatment plant abatement COD of 20,000 tons or more, "county, town (street), village households" four linkage rural garbage processing network to establish a comprehensive, covering the county's 906 administrative villages, rural integrated garbage treatment rate of 100%. Start controlling backbone upstream reservoir construction project south coast, after the completion of the total reservoir capacity will reach 480 million cubic meters; water security key projects province Nanxijiang water supply project through its run, the total water supply to the downstream towns and surrounding areas 200 million m3 effectively alleviate the drinking water Yongjia, Yueqing inhabitants. The third is to strengthen the natural ecological resources compensation repair. Develop "Yongjia County Soil Erosion compensation management approach", where in the exploration area within the county, the soil erosion caused by construction activities in the unit owners are responsible for the ecological restoration of governance, to take up the waters of the river projects compensation imposed by law. Since last year, Yan Nan Road, Highway 41 South Pipeline, Junkichi mines and other construction projects in ecological restoration of funds invested a total of over 30 million yuan. Improve forest vegetation ecology protection system, from January to July this year, a total of 30 square kilometers of soil erosion control, restoration of the mountain 30,000 square meters, the new protective seedlings planted 10 million trees.
Third, accountability and Governor Qizhua test, adhere to the innovative work on environmental regulation mechanism. First, the implementation of river length lump sum. Establish County, Towns, villages three long river system system, the full implementation of the "territorial management, Fenpianbaogan, a river a policy, directed patrol" system, river training are currently listed on the county's first responsibility to implement the signed media 103 public undertaking. Innovation socialization cleaning operation mechanisms, such as the rate of the province by community groups to try to obligations contracted 30 km Nanxijiang cleaning tasks, Nanxi downstream along the river water port Press "Yijiangdaibu" approach to entrust the management of professional cleaning company , Xinhua and other media reported the bridge Town obligation as a private entrepreneur "long reach" and other stories. Second, the implementation of dynamic regulation. Carry out the "Top Ten river" and "ten poor river" award, two year total of 17 contest dirty river to be "red title1=" on the 5 Towns leader in charge and 14 village (community) is responsible for the implementation of admonishing people measures, calling on the streets of one thousand DONGXI etc. currently 15 black smelly river has returned to the clear appearance. Implementation of the "identity" management model, regular grooming screening a number of "dirty black" river, and the establishment of "one to one" listing management system, truly "not clear of the sales numbers, a rebound is accountable." The third is to carry out inspection of accountability. The water environment management work into the county, "PAS Law" and "mutual learning each other than the" carrier content, the implementation of "one inspection a week, half a breakfast meeting, January 1 ranking, a quarter of accountability" for the month were ranked after 3 be "red, orange, yellow," three-color warning, after successive columns units "in charge" shall be open to review, and the responsibility to pursue the investigations. This year, a total of six towns (street) party (workers) Committee secretary apologized through the media.
Four, advocacy and guidance synchronization insisted on ecological construction shaping national power. First, the implementation of pacts management. Nanxijiang along 517 Murai (community) all build green "pacts", decreased agricultural nonpoint source pollution, pesticides and chemical fertilizers fell 800 tons, 97% improvement of livestock excrement. Improve public oversight mechanism for the development of environmental protection projects involving the river should be brought to vote by the local Assembly representatives of villagers. Second, those who play the role of non-governmental environmental protection. Carry folk "river flood protection" action, the villagers set up guard duty team 208 River County Environmental Protection Volunteers Association has a membership of more than 1,500 people. Since last year, "China's first village, no plastic bags" Building leaders ChenFei weekly river protection organizations Nanxijiang hundred people work, "National Environmental Protection recommends King" Yang Jiannan provide river cleaning "Golden Ideas" 500 to all levels of government. Third, advocate a civilized way of life. Deepening mass environmental practices, held annually large ecological and cultural festival in the whole society advocate green low-carbon lifestyle. Regularly organized "drinking from the same stream Nan, protect the mother river" large-scale public welfare activities, and guide people to consciously protect water resources, prevention of water pollution. This year, the county ecological civilization instructors itinerant preachers over 500 screenings, "Nan River flood" microblogging complaints 55, disposal rate of 100%.